2013年5月21日星期二

World Metrology Day 2013 Seminar

The World Metrology Day on the 20th May each year has marked the anniversary of the signing of the Metre Convention since 1875. The Hong Kong Council for Testing and Certification (HKCTC), the Standards and Calibration Laboratory of the Innovation and Technology Commission (SCL), and Government Laboratory (GL) jointly organized the World Metrology Day 2013 Seminar on 20 May 2013. Hong Kong Society for Quality (HKSQ) was one of supporting organizations. This seminar unveils metrology and how measurement works behind the scenes in human activities.

In the beginning, Mr. Terence Chan (Secretary-General (acting), HKCTC) gave a welcoming Remarks. Terence shared his story about metrology during he studied in primary school. He worked with his classmate to build a paper house. They separated duties into two that one for roof and the other one for basis. When they combined it in school playground, they found that the size did not match even though they had a drawing with scale. Finally, Terence found the root cause came from the different rule scale (One was Chinese Tailor's rule scale and the other was not.). The story matched the theme "Measurements in Daily Life".


The first speaker was Ir. Y.K. Yan (Senior Electronics Engineer, SCL) and his topic named "The Role of Measurement Uncertainty in Conformity Assessment". He firstly asked a simple questions "Does the measurement result meet the specification?"


Then Ir. Yan introduced the concept of the effect of uncertainty. The greater the measurement uncertainty (MU), the larger the area of unclear decision.
Test uncertainty ratio (TUR) = Spec Limit / MU
(Left: Out of limit, Unable to judge, Unable to jude, Within limit) Intuitive approach referred to ISO 14253-1 and ILAC-G8.


Then Ir. Yan briefed maximum risk approach included consumer's risk (risk of accepting non-conforming items) and producer's risk (risk of rejecting conforming items). Then he introduced Guarded Acceptance (Upper acceptance limit (Au) < Upper tolerance limit (Tu)) to reduce the consumer's risk and Guarded Rejection (Au > Tu) to reduce the producer's risk.

Finally, Ir. Yan mentioned the Joint Committee for Guides in Metrology (JCGM) which was a committee established in 1997 and aimed to address common problems encountered in metrology. JCGM relevant documents included JCGM 100, 101, 102, 104, 106 & 200. Since JCGM 106 issued in October 2012, SCL developed a software tool that allowed easy calculation of the acceptance limits based on the production process.

The second speaker was Dr. S.K. Wong (Senior Chemist (Quality Management Section, GL) and his presentation was "Metrology in Chemistry and Daily Life". Dr. Wong said chemical test related to our basic necessities of life (衣食住行).


Dr. Wong said about 670,000 chemical test per year included food, environmental, pharmaceutic, etc. For chemical test, there had 198 HOKLAS accredited laboratories in Hong Kong. Then Dr. Wong briefed food test as example. There were six elements affected the test results included sample source, sampling procedure, laboratory competence, testing method, data traceability and reference material.


Presentation of souvenirs and group photo after the tea break


The third speaker was Dr. Nim-kwan Cheung (CEO, Hong Knog Applied Science and Technology Research Institute Company Ltd. (ASTRI)) and his presentation entitled "The Role of Metrology in Research and Development". He introduced some observations in the measurement of distance, temperature and time.


Firstly, Dr. Cheung introduced the history of the Meter. The International Bureau of Weights and Measures upgraded the bar to one made of 90% platinum / 10% iridium alloy in 1875. Then it redefined as 1,650,763.73 wavelengths of orange-red light in 1960. In 1984, 1/299,792,458 seconds with time measured by a cesium-133 atomic clock was employed. After that Dr. Cheung mentioned his measurement experience during his study in 1970s. He needed to measure different reading in different part of equipment setup for ultralow temperature.


Finally, Dr. Cheung mentioned the world's "most accurate" clock - Quantum Logic Clock which developed in 2007-8. Dr. Cheung said the time measurement was very important for mobile synchronization.

Mr. Dennis Lee (Senior Electronic Engineer, SCL) was the fourth speaker and he presented the topic "Optical Metrology for Daily Life". Mr. Lee introduced photometry and radiometry. Photometry stated the range of wavelength which was visible to the human eyes. Radiometry was measurement of optical electromagnetic radiation with frequency range from 3x10^11Hz to 3x10^16Hz.


Then Mr. Lee briefed the history of the unit for light intensity. It was interested that the original unit was by candles in 1860. In 1979, SI definition of the Candela adopted in terms of the watt at only one wavelength of light (540x10^12Hz). The photometric and radiometric units were shown in the following diagram.


Finally, Mr. Lee told us SCL's photometric and radiometric capabilities development map from 2012 to 2015. Their capabilities in Illuminance (lux) meter from 10 to 2000 lx and Standard Lamps from 100 to 3500 cd were covered all work place lighting requirement in Hong Kong. Lastly, Mr. Lee mentioned their inter-laboratory comparison through participating APMP Comparison of Luminous Intensity.


Dr. Y.C. Yip (Senior Chemist (Strategic Development Section)(acting), GL) was the fifth speaker and his topic entitled "Metrology in Chemistry and Its Applications". First of all, Dr. Yip introduced GL scientific services included Foods, Chinese medicines, DNA, Forensics, Pharmaceuticals, Environment, Toys, Commodities and Legal measurement.


Dr. Yip explained the important of metrological traceability. The following milestone demonstrated different accreditation and international scheme in GL since 1993.


Dr. Yip also mentioned some Calibration and Measurement Capability (CMC) Claims in Food such as Total Malachite Green in fish and Melamine purity standards. Moreover, GL also organized different Proficiency Testing (PT) programmes under the scope of food, environment, commodity products, pharmaceuticals and Chinese medicine testing since 1987. They was accredited as a PT scheme provider based on ISO/IEC 17043:2010. Finally, Dr. Yip expected that metrology in chemistry supported the testing and certification sectors in Hong Kong and produced more CRMs and organized more PTs to meet our specific needs.

The last session had three speakers and entitled "Metrology Omni-range". They were Ir. Johnny C.Y. Poon (Electronics Engineer, SCL), Ir. Samuel C.K. Ko (Electronics Engineer, SCL), Ir. Brenda H.S. Lam (Electronics Engineer, SCL) and Dr. S.Y. Wong (Electronics and Mechanical Engineer, SCL).


Ir. Johnny C.Y. Poon presented the topic related to Electricity (Medical Testing Devices). He introduced different types of devices such as Electrical Safety Analyzer, Electrocardiogram (ECG) Simulator, Defibrillator Analyzer, etc. He focused on electricity leakage testing.


Ir. Samuel C.K. Ko presented the topic for Ultrasonic (Ultrasonic Flaw Detectors). The main calibration parameters were reflection time (horizontal scale) and reflection amplitude (vertical scale). The test items would be calibrated according to EN12668-1:2010.


Ir. Brenda H.S. Lam responded to the Acoustics measurement (Sound Level Meters). She explained the unit of sound that was pascal (Pa). (1 Pa = 1 Nm^-2 = 1 Jm^-3 = 1 kgm^-1s^-2) Sound level meters (SLMs) measured the sound pressure level which did not correlate well to human-perceived loudness. Details could refer to IEC 61672.


Dr. S.Y. Wong mentioned the Physical Geometry (Surface Texture Measurement). Dr. Wong mentioned the definition of surface roughness based on ISO 4287. He explained the different of 1um and 2um stylus radius for surface texture profile measurement. The measured value by 2um stylus was smaller than that of the 1 um stylus by 27%.


Q&A Session


Reference:

沒有留言:

LinkWithin

Related Posts with Thumbnails