2015年3月28日星期六

ASQ InfVoices - Encourage the Next Generation of STEM Professionals

The topic in March 2015 initiated by Mr. Bill Troy for ASQ Influence Voices named “Encourage the Next Generation of STEM Professionals”. STEM stands for Science, Technology, Engineering and Math. It seems to continue the question from Paul Borawski asked to encourage the younger generation to study STEM in 2012. Making STEM Funny! It could be the key. (See heroes’ periodic table below)


The most students who study STEM would like to be STEM Professionals. It could be considered what degree student selected in the university. I would like to share Hong Kong higher education distribution for understand our situation. STEM students in university are about 36%.


This distribution is quite good in Hong Kong Education. Recently, different activities to promote STEM such as Hong Kong Student Science Project Competition 2014 for secondary schools and Stem Cell Knowledge Exchange Exhibition 2013 also for secondary schools and arranged by university. However, the future development of university graduate depends on Hong Kong economic structure. The following is the distribution of GDP in different economic activities. 93% is belongs to Service but STEM involved very little potion.


In order to enhance new technology economic, Hong Kong Science and Technology Park promoted different field “Innovation Heroes” who’s work as reference for young generation to purchase their dream.


Therefore, Education and Jobs are critical factors to encourage the Next Generation of STEM Professionals.

Reference:
A View from the Q - http://asq.org/blog/
20120208: ASQ InfVoices - Encourage younger generation to study Science, Technology, Engineering and Math (STEM) - http://qualityalchemist.blogspot.hk/2012/02/asq-infvoices-encourage-younger.html
Hong Kong Annual Digest of Statistics 2014 - http://www.statistics.gov.hk/pub/B10100032014AN14B0100.pdf
20130504: Stem Cell Knowledge Exchange Exhibition 2013 - http://qualityalchemist.blogspot.hk/2013/05/stem-cell-knowledge-exchange-exhibition.html
20140510: Hong Kong Student Science Project Competition 2014 - http://qualityalchemist.blogspot.hk/2014/05/hong-kong-student-science-project.html
HKSTP Innovation Heroes - http://heroes.hkstp.org/en/index.php


2015年3月24日星期二

HKSTP Graduation Ceremony of Incubation Programmes & MOU with HKQAA

Hong Kong Science and Technology Parks Corporation (HKSTP) held its Incubation Graduation Ceremony on 24 March 2015 so as to honour ~40 companies that had successfully completed Incu-App, Incu-Tech and Incu-Bio programmes. Mr. Allen Ma (CEO, HKSTP) gave a welcome remark and he committed to nurturing entrepreneurs and start-ups in Hong Kong proactively and continuously.


Then Mr. Johann Wong (Deputy Commissioner for Innovation and Technology, ITC, HKSAR Government) gave a supporting message to all incubation and government’s commitment on Innovation and Technology.


Graduated incubatees got certificate and took a photo for memory. I took some incubatees who used my QS unit knowledge transfer service as follows.
Creaxon achieved ISO 9001 through QS Unit transferring the knowledge of quality management. (http://enewsletter.hkstp.org/58/en-us/news/7 )


The eNano Health Ltd. completed ISO 13485 certification audit by HKQAA in last Friday.


Vitargent achieved HOKLAS accreditation to perform the specific tests through sharing our experience on Technology Support Centre. (http://mail02.edm.hkstp.org/intimate/templates/images/hkstp_connect/40/en-us/news2.html )


Group photo of all graduated incubatees


During Chat Time, Allen Yeung (Chief Corporate Development Office, HKSTP) was moderator and guests included Mr. PC Chan (COO, HKQAA), Mr. Ricky Leung (GM, HK International Airport) and Mr. Andy C. Bien (CIO, HKIA; Hong Kong Computer Society). Allen Yeung introduced the cooperation with HKQAA and First@Airport. Mr. PC Chan briefed the concept of MOU between HKSTP & HKQAA to assist startup and form the recognition scheme for Quality Startup.


Both CEO signed the MOU afternoon.


We took a group photo for memory this milestone to enhance both Innovation and Quality for startup in Hong Kong.


The ceremony was performed successfully and all guests (Lady from Google HK) were happy to join our startup community.
 

Reference:
HKSTP - http://www.hkstp.org/
HKQAA - http://www.hkqaa.org/


2015年3月21日星期六

HKSTP Seminar – Developing Software and Apps Making People WOW

The seminar entitled “Developing Software and Apps Making People WOW ” which was organized by HKSTP on 20th March 2015. The speaker was Mr. Darrell Mann (CTO, Smartway Management Technologies Ltd. & CEO, Systematic Innovation Ltd (UK)). He is former Chief Engineer in Rolls-Royce and Visiting Professor at the University of Warwick in the UK. Before the seminar, our Head of Incubation Program – Mr. Peter Mok and I took a photo with Mr. Darrell Mann for memory.
(Left: I, Mr. Darrell Mann and Mr. Peter Mok)


In the beginning, Mr. Darrell Mann briefed his company’s overall business model with four elements included “Problem Solving Consulting”, “Research”, “Systematic Innovation Method” and “IP Generation / Licensing”. The most important role of the company is “Coordination”.


Then he introduced two Apps named “PoodPairing” and “PanSensic”. They had special position in the market and made people Wow. Mr. Darrell Mann then told us there were less than 20% failures happen from technical solution. The other potion included Route to Market, Market Demand, Co-ordination and Means of Production.


The following diagram showed why Innovation was most difficult game in the world because Innovation needed to consider Customer Need, More Ideal Solution and Ability of an Organization to successfully exploit the solution (Organization Competence).


Mr. Darrell Mann asked us “What is a Wow solution?” Then he told us the dynamics of ‘Wow’ in three steps. The most important was value creation through perceived benefits more than perceived costs & harms.


Then Darrell used Selfie Stick as an example that it was a joke in 1994 (Japanese magazine) but it became buzzword in 2013! It was because customer need was changed and their behavior also changed.


After that Darrell introduced seven pillars of Systematic Innovation named “PERFECT”.
P – Perfect
E – Escape
R – Resources
F – Function
E – Emergence
C – Contradiction
T – Turtles
He then explained “How come Apple is so successful when they do so little market research?” The Function may answer your question. (where FUNCTION = JOB = OUTCOME)


Mr. Darrell Mann used example of Pink Taxi to explain the Tangible and Intangible function as well as Me and We focus. Another example was Nest thermostat.


Finally, the world was shift to Intangible which contained three key elements named ABC. A stands for Autonomy. B stands for Belonging and C stands for Competence.


Q&A Session


After the seminar, I led Smartway team to visit our laboratories and took a photo in front of cleanroom.


Reference:
20090822: Innovation – From Art to Science - http://qualityalchemist.blogspot.hk/2009/08/innovation-from-art-to-science.html
20150320: HKSTP IP Seminar – Win the Patent Game - http://qualityalchemist.blogspot.hk/2015/03/hkstp-ip-seminar-win-patent-game.html


2015年3月20日星期五

HKSTP IP Seminar – Win the Patent Game

The seminar entitled “IP Seminar: Win the Patent Game with Darrell Mann!” which was organized by HKSTP on 20th March 2015. The speaker was Mr. Darrell Mann (CTO, Smartway Management Technologies Ltd. & CEO, Systematic Innovation Ltd (UK)). He is former Chief Engineer in Rolls-Royce and Visiting Professor at the University of Warwick in the UK. Before the seminar, we took a photo with IP & Innovation experts for memory.
(Left: Mr. Simon Tong (CEO, Smartway Management Technologies Ltd.), Dr. TW Liu (IP Expert), Mr. Darrell Mann and I)


(Left: Dr. Gregg Li (Chairman at Invotech), Mr. Darrell Mann, Mr. Simon Tong and I)


In the beginning, Mr. Darrell Mann briefed some background and told a short story that some patents in Helicopters were from Rolls Royce. However, Rolls Royce had not created money back because of patent expired. Time should be one of key factors to be considered. Then he mentioned “Systematic Innovation means Innovation Efficiency.” Distillation of best practices from all fields of human endeavor (e.g. Business, Science, Creative Minds and Patents” make “Breakthrough’ Database that was done by speaker for 17 years.


Then Mr. Darrell Mann showed the global rate of patent filings and it observed the exponential rise in different country different time (e.g. Russia, US & Japan after War II). China had started to play IP game since 1983. In 2011, China had 526412 patent applications.


Mr. Mann introduced US Patents pattern that most of them are Technical Solution (part of them were about methods), IT & Business Solution were growing sectors. Moreover, 97% of patents would never pay back the cost of filing the patent. He said Invention was patent but Innovation would create value and pay back with money.


The following Strategic Questions were shared by Darrell Mann.
i) Which markets should we enter?
ii) Where should we build new plants?
iii) Should we centralize or de-centralise?
iv) Which R&D Programmes should we fund?
v) Which ones should have IP filed?
vi) How best to balance long and short term needs?
vii) Should we patent at all?
Moreover, Darrell Mann added Patent used to protect small inventor in the past but it was changed to protect big company now!


After that Darrell Mann explained the system evolution. He said evolution was not random but it followed certain patterns. The trend of Dynamization was mentioned which changed from Immobile to Single Joint to Multiple Joint to Completely Flexible to Liquid/Gas and then to Field.


Lastly, Darrell Mann demonstrated his software for analysis IP / Patent through “Breakthrough’ Database. He used LED as topic to search how many related patent in the world (Result = 36849) and analyzed the Evolution Potential!


Before the end of seminar, Darrell Mann showed us the IP Strategic of Big Companies. He said we were able to predict the future but only ‘where we’ went but not predict ‘when’ it happened.


In addition, Darrell Mann showed us the comparison between traditional route and Agile Innovation route for IP Generation.


I presented a souvenir to Mr. Darrell Mann. It is a crystal of Golden Egg in Science Park.


Reference:
20090822: Innovation – From Art to Science - http://qualityalchemist.blogspot.hk/2009/08/innovation-from-art-to-science.html
20150320: HKSTP Seminar – Developing Software and Apps Making People WOW - http://qualityalchemist.blogspot.hk/2015/03/hkstp-seminar-developing-software-and.html

2015年3月19日星期四

IIPCC-HK Seminar “OEM to ISP (Integrated Service Franchiser) Transformation”

The IIPCC Hong Kong Chapter Workshop/Seminar Series: Entrepreneurship & Innovation – “OEM to ISP (Integrated Service Franchiser) Transformation: Turing a Product Company into a Service Franchise” was organized by IIPCC-HK and coorganized by CityU Business & Industrial Club (CUBIC) and Hong Kong Science and Technology Parks (HKSTP) on 19 Mar 2015. The International Intellectual Property Commercialization Council (IIPCC) Hong Kong Chapter is a non-political, non-profit/social organization for promoting IP Commercialization Best Practices to do common good; serving the socio-economic interests of local community; focusing on decent job creations, entrepreneurship and SME innovations.


The guest speaker was Mr. Al Kwok who is Co-Founder of IIPCC Hong Kong Chapter and expert in semiconductor industry. He shared the topic “OEM to ISP (Integrated Service Franchiser) Transformation: Turing a Product Company into a Service Franchise”. Firstly, Mr. Al Kwok discussed the knowledge-based economic trend in USA and found that there had about 80% market value from intangible assets in 2005. (10 year ago!)


Then Mr. Al Kwok shared the Value Hierarchy Business Models. He said USA did not outsource in Application and IP level. The success strategy should have both Brand and Competency.


After that he briefed pillars for knowledge economy through the following table. In 1985, IC Economy obeyed Moore’s Law. In 2000, IT Economy obeyed Metcalfe’s Law (Value ~ n^2). Now, IP Economy may be followed TBDI (The Big Data Institute?) such as Apple iTunes to “Unified IP Pooling”. He also mentioned “Moore’s Law and Metcalfe’Law (acting on H/W and Network Platforms respectively) are fuelling on-going IT System/Business Process Re-engineering for global improvements (changes) like magma shaping Earth crust’s movements.”


Mr. Al Kwok said “IT Services Mean Everything!” “IT proficiency + business domain knowledge” is a must! It would be inevitable future trend. He said more than 70% profit margin come from design win. Western promoted Supply-Chain Management (SCM) but seldom mention the Demand-Chain Management (DCM). Obviously, Demand-side profit is much higher than Supply-side.


Finally, Mr. Al Kwok shared the case of Hong Kong-Shenzhen Company how its business model changed to fully-integrated solutions that build long-term service platforms and added high-value service items. And he briefed various “IT-related” Business Models included OEM, ODM, OBM, IDM and ISP. At the end, Mr. Kwok analyzed Apple’s Ecosystem and its “IP” Business Model. Total Ecosystem Building is Apple’s “Core Effort”! He concluded that Franchising is HK’s best IP commercialization method.


Mr. David Ai (Director of Knowledge Transfer Office, CityU and Co-Founder of IIPCC Hong Kong Chapter) summarized the talk and shared his story about customer experience of thermostat interface. He was trouble when set up the thermostat in new house until Google brought NEST. Mr. David Ai also mentioned the important of market dominant.


During Q&A Session, Mr. Dominic Yin shared why he was one of founders in IIPCC-HK because he observed many HK & China people were very smart but they didn’t know how to protect themselves (e.g. Product IP). He also shared his “Elder Care Project” with Tung Wah Group of Hospitals (東華三院) included 26 Nursing homes. He said we and China should have milestones (could upto 100 years). Three important things should be considered:
i) Smart City should be human-centric (以人為本,發揚中華文化。)
ii) "One Belt and One Road" (一帶一路)
iii) Heal the Desertification


I asked two questions. The first question was “IP Business Model may not suitable in HK” such as Semiconductor IP trading was not success in Hong Kong. Mr. Al Kwok told me that China technology had not reach the high technology so that the demand side had not formed yet.

My second question was for Mr. Dominic Yin that Dr. Chih-Han Wang (王治翰) (ANQ Honorary Board Directors) said in the 2nd Chinese Quality Forum (華人品質論壇) that “The path toward Chinese Great Rejuvenation is through Quality way. (中華民族偉大復興之路就是品質之路)”. Mr. Dominic Yin replied that it was right half. He used Mr. Close Enough (差不多先生) as example and explained that it was no good for science but it was good for spirit such as Zhongyong (中庸). It explained why China had very good in art but not science in the past.

Reference:
IIPCC - http://www.tmbell.com/hongkong/aboutiipcc.php
HKSTP - http://www.hkstp.org
CUBIC - http://www6.cityu.edu.hk/kto/index.aspx?id=PG-1200038
20140620 - Distinguished Entrepreneur Series: Recipes for Success - http://qualityalchemist.blogspot.hk/2014/06/distinguished-entrepreneur-series.html
201400828 - CityU IIPCC Entrepreneurship & Innovation Seminar - http://qualityalchemist.blogspot.hk/2014/08/cityu-iipcc-entrepreneurship-innovation.html


2015年3月17日星期二

HKCTC & HKAS Seminar on Gold Testing & Gemstone Authentication

The Hong Kong Council for Testing and Certification (HKCTC) and Hong Kong Accreditation Service co-organized a seminar entitled “Gold Testing and Gemstone Authentication in Hong Kong” on 17 Mar 2015. Authentication of natural Fei Cui (Jadeite Jade) and diamond is carried out by Hong Kong laboratories to assist trade of luxury products (e.g. gold, gemstone, jade, etc.). The seminar aimed to introduce different scientific method to testing and identify the natural jade and purity of gold. Before the seminar, I took a photo with speakers for memory.
(Left: Mr. Nicholas Sturman, Mr. Dominic Mok, I and Dr. Danny Lau (HKSTP))


In the beginning, Mr. Kesson Lee (Secretary-General, HKCTC) gave a welcoming remark. He said Hong Kong was the second large market for Jewelry Trade. It was started from OEM to Retail and then to build own brand. Testing and Certification of Gold and Jade would build up customer confidence in Hong Kong.


All guest speakers took a group photo.


The first speaker was Mr. Dominic Mok (Principal, Asian Gemmological Institute) and his topic entitled “Advanced Identification of Gemstones and Diamond”. Firstly, Mr. Mok briefed the natural gemstone included natural diamond and natural coloured gemstone. Then he explained the purpose of Gem Testing which aimed to identify the Natural, Treated and Synthetic Gems.


Then Mr. Dominic Mok mentioned Instrumentation of Gem Testing which separated into Conventional Gemmological Instruments (e.g. Microscope) and Advanced Instruments (e.g. FTIR, EDXRF, Raman, UV-VIS, etc). There were four types of diamonds in the following diagram.


The advanced diamond testing instruments were introduced and they were DiamondSure, DiamondView and DiamondPlus. DiamondSure used to identify Natural Type Ia and provided opinions on Type IaB, Type II, as well as reference for not diamond. DiamondView used very short UV. It identified Type Ia Diamond (with blue fluorescence), Type Ib (with greenish yellow fluorescence) and Type IIa (with bluish green fluorescence) as well as octahedral growth pattern. DiamondPlus was a mini Raman Spectrometer with detection stage cooled by LN2. It used to confirm natural diamond Type IIa and reference to CVD Synthetic or HPHT (High Pressure High Temperture) treatment. After that he stated the UV-Vis Spectrometer with D-N-C Probe which was able to help mounted diamonds as little as 0.01 carats.


The identification of coloured gemtones and pearl (Natural, Cultured with Salt-water & Fresh-water) using advanced instruments (e.g. EDXRF, FTIR, and Cathodoluminescence (CL)) were also discussed. Finally, Dominic mentioned the testing of Jadeite / Fei Cui in which separated into Type A, Type B and Type C, as well as, Type B+C.


Lastly, Mr. Dominic Mok concluded that advanced testing instruments were necessary for testing conclusions including CVD synthetic diamonds, Paraiba tourmaline, Resin-impregnated jadeite / Fei Cui and Synthetic jadeite, etc.

The second speaker was Mr. Nicholas Sturman (Senior Manager, Pearls Identification, GIA Laboratory Bangkok) and his presentation named “The Importance of known Standards in Pearl Testing”. Mr. Sturman briefed the definition of “Standard”, “Reference”, “Master” and “Comparator” so as to introduce the Standards/References/Masters of Gemology.


The following diagram showed the Diamond Masters.


After that he discussed the identification of pearl and showed the pearl standard.


The master of pearls was illuminated by X-ray and the concentric meaty nuclei with white core were used as standards.


The first Q&A Session


I asked if digitalized diamond standard could be developed because Diamond Master was very expensive. Both speakers said it could be one of directions.
Mr. K. Gabuji (HKAS Technical Assessor) asked could man-made diamond be detected. Speaker said it was so little case because man-made diamond was very expensive too.
Then I took a photo with my old friend - Gabuji


The third speaker was Dr. Pitar Li (Laboratory Manager, Chow Sang Sang Precious Metal Laboratory) and his presentation topic was “Selection of Appropriate Testing Method for Gold Jewellery”. He briefed the Hong Kong Trade Descriptions (Marking) (Gold and Gold alloy) Order that the main body did not lower than 999 and the solder used is of fineness or not less than 800.


Dr. Li introduced different test methods and separated into Basic and Advance Methods. For Basic Methods, it included Touch Stones (試金石), Density, Electrical Conductivity and XRF (Countertop Gold Testing Machine). For Advance Methods, Cupellation Method (灰吹法), Difference Method using ICP-OES and precise XRF. The following showed some method flows according to specific standards methods.
i)  Cupellation Method(ISO 11426:1997)

ii)  The Difference Method (ISO 15093:2008) where 17 elements to be measure were Silver, Bismuth, Cadmium, Cobalt, Copper, Iron, Iridium, Manganese, Nickel, Lead, Platinum, Palladium, Rhodium, Ruthenium, Tin, Titanium and Zinc.


iii)   "Adornment-provision for limit of baneful elements" (GB/T 28480-2012)


Dr. Li suggested to integrate different test methods was important for a piece of jewellery to fulfill the regulations. Finished jewellery used non-destructive methods and Raw Material before manufacture could be tested for control the jewellery quality.

The last speaker was Prof. Mimi Ou Yang (Principal, The Hong Kong Institute of Gemmology) and her topic entitled “The New Thinkings in Authentication of Fei Cui: The Integration of Advanced Instrumentation and Experience”. Prof. Ou Yang briefed the background of Fei Cui which was difficult to identify in treated Jadeite in the past.


The following diagram showed the natural Fei Cui (Type A) and treated Fei Cui (Type B, C & B+C).


Then Prof. Ou Yang introduced the three key parameters to confirm Jade such as Hardness, Specific Gravity (S.G.) and Refractive Index (R.I.).


Different instruments such as UV, FTIR, LRS, were discussed to assist for confirmation of different Fei Cui. However, Prof. Ou Yang emphasized experience and competence of examiner was more important than instrumentation. The following diagram demonstrated the right way and right thinking in Authentication of Fei Cui.


Reference:
HKCTC - http://www.hkctc.gov.hk/en/home.html
HKCTC Seminar presentation file - http://www.hkctc.gov.hk/en/work_seminars.html#b44
HKAS - http://www.itc.gov.hk/en/quality/hkas/about.htm


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