2015年5月19日星期二

MA TRIZ Certification Level 2 Training (Part 1)

I attended MA TRIZ Certification Level 2 Training on 18, 19, 25 & 26 May 2015 which organized by Institute of Systematic Innovation, Hong Kong from 9:00am to 9:00pm and instructed by Prof. D. Daniel Sheu. I would like to summarize my study below for sharing.

Dr. Michael YH Li (Certified TRIZ Specialist, MA TRIZ Level 3) introduced our trainer Prof. D. Daniel Sheu (Certified TRIZ Specialist, MA TRIZ Level 4) and some logistics arrangement.


Then Prof. D. Daniel Sheu briefed the course outline and he said the original course duration was 5 day. We concentrated into 4 days and elements as follows.

Day 1 (18 May 2015)
- Level 1 Key Points Brief Review
- Overview of Level 2 Tools
- Feature Transfer
Day 2 (19 May 2015)
- Resources Searching
- Modeling Problems and Solutions
- Standard Inventive Solution
Day 3 (25 May 2015) (original Day 3 & 4)
- Introduction to ARIZ (Algorithm for Inventive Problem Solving)
Day 4 (26 May 2015) (original Day 5)
- Pragmatic S-Curve Analysis
- Key-point Review
- Summary & Exam


Day 1 (18 May 2015)
In the beginning, Prof. Sheu briefed the hierarchical view of TRIZ from Philosophy to Methodology/Process and Tools. Then he reviewed the 5 Pillars of TRIZ included “Ideality”, “Resources”, “Functionality”, “Contradiction” and “Space/time/interface (Domain)”.


Prof. Sheu introduced that TRIZ++ (like C++) was improved from TRIZ contain ~30 tools and synergized which was sub-set of Systematic Innovation (SI) where contained ~200 tools and not coordinated; moreover, SI was also sub-set of Innovation Methods. The application of TRIZ++ included:
i) Identifying Innovative Products & Services
ii) Solving Engineering Problems (TRIZ)
iii) Management / Service Applications such as Innovation Strategies and solving organization conflicts
iv) Combine with other tools to solve problem such as QFD, FMEA, Six Sigma, Lean, etc.
He also added TRIZ had a number of tools to help us to break our Psychological Inertia.
The following diagram demonstrated the Model of Problem (Red color bar) to Model of Solution (Green color bar) which was the TRIZ Model of Problem Solving that “Like Problem, Like Solutions”.


Then Prof. Sheu mentioned 8 stages of systematic Process of Systematic Innovation below.
i) Opportunities Exploration and Identification
ii) Opportunities Selection
iii) Problems Identification
iv) Problems Selection
v) Solutions Generation
vi) Solutions Selection
vii) Project (Engineering Design, Manufacturing, Sales, usage & Reverse Logistics)
viii) ApplicationsExploration

Prof. Sheu also reviewed Function Analysis (FA) and discussed the useful and harmful (H) functions. The Ranks included Basic (Function point to target), Addition (Ad - Outside component) and Auxiliary (Ax - Point to component within system). He also introduced the Human Perceived Level (HL) against Component Perceived Level (CL), where HL was easier to understand for laymen and CL was better for problem identification and solving. It was because CL was micro level investigation to break-up into more details narrowing down the scope and easier to find that someone somewhere had already solve similar problems. Albert Einstein’s saying was quoted that “If I had one hour to save the world, I would spend 55 minutes defining & analyzing the problem and only 5 minutes finding the solution.”


After that Prof. Sheu introduced his developed Cause-Effect & Contradiction Chain Analysis (CECCA), which added Contradiction into Cause-Effect & Chain Analysis (CECA). It was found more useful to identify the Engineering/Technical Contradiction and Physical Contradiction. Where “A” stand for “And”, “O” means “Or” and “C” was “Combined”; “+” was advantage, “-” was disadvantage and “x” was non-changeable cause within current capability or project.


“Chains of Disadvantages in a System” was used to find the critical key disadvantage from the surface disadvantages. Once solved the critical key disadvantage, others were also eliminated. If you were not able to solve the critical key disadvantage, you could solve upper level of disadvantages until the target disadvantages were solved.


Physical Contradictions were reviewed and I found that methods of separation included Space, Time (or Condition), Relation and System Level were same as Level 1 but Separation between Parameters was new in Level 2. Moreover, we learnt Transition to Super-system and Sub-system. Two more systems were introduced and they were Transition to Alternative System and Negative System. The corresponding Inventive Principles were showed in the following tables.



I also found there were two more rules when we reviewed the Trimming Process compared with Level 1 study (Only Rule A, B, C & X). The priority of trimming rules was showed as follows:
i) Rule A (Remove object of function)
ii) Rule X (Make function not needed)
iii) Rule B (Make object self-serve)
iv) Rule C (Find an existing carrier to replace the carrier to be trimmed)
v) Rule D (Find a new market for degraded system)
vi) Rule E (Improve performance and/or reduce cost by alternative part.)

The last part of day 1 was Feature Transfer that was defined as “Feature Transfer is an analytical tool for improvement of the Base Engineering System by transferring relevant features from the Alternative Engineering system. Base system was selected because it was simple and less expensive. The alternative system was perceived to be better feature. There were two ways of Feature Transfer below:
i) Transfer the component(s) which were responsible for the desirable feature.
ii) Transfer only the features (attributes) not the components.

Finally, we separated into different team and done the exercise as well as performed the presentation.



Day 2 (19 May 2015)
In the beginning, Prof. Sheu showed a video about robotic to help elder walking and people to load heavy goods. And then Prof. Sheu briefed the Patent/Knowledge Search.


Prof. Sheu started the Part II of MATRIZ Level 2 course and introduced one of 5 pillars named “Resources”. Resources in TRIZ were defined as “Anything in or around the system (e.g. Substance, Fields, Atributes/Parameters, Time and Space) not being used to its maximum advantage including the harmful things. Two key concepts are “Turning waste to Wonderful (W2W)” and “Turning Harm to Help (H2H)”.


Then Prof. Sheu briefed the problem solving process and started from problem definition, Function Analysis and the last 2nd step was Resource Searching. We needed to identify the function required for success through “Function/Attribute/Value Comparison”. Firstly, we asked the Resource Questions such as “How to make Resource (R) perform Effect (E)?” or “How to make Resource (R) provide Function (F) / Attribute (A)?” in the Resources Searching Table. After identified relevant attributes, value range of it and available resource, then we formed the matching table for resource.


Prof. Sheu also demonstrated how to match function/effect to resources through “TRIZ Effect Database”. Our function demanded to move liquid/gas (http://www.triz.co.uk/cp12.php)


The second part was to introduce Su-Field Analysis. Su-Field stands for Substance-Field and means a system formed by the interaction of Substances and Fields in the engineering system.
There were several approaches of using Su-Field Analysis and Standards below:
- Belski’s Approach and exercises
- Altshuller’s 76 standards and exercises
- Mann’s of S-Field classifications
- Victor Fey process


There were three types of Field and showed as follows.


Belski’s approach was structure approach with 8 fields. The interactions in each field were showed in the following table. The 5 steps of Su-Field Analysis were:
i) List all the substances involved. (Component Analysis)
ii) Draw the model of the situation, identify the Conflict Triads. (Model of Problem)
iii) Formulate problem-specific model solutions for each conflict triad. (Model of Solution)
iv) Translate the model solutions into ideas by means of the field of MATCEMIB
v) Combine the ideas into concepts and choose the best practical solution. (Specific Solution)


In addition, Prof. Sheu introduced Belski’s 5 Rules and added one more as Rule 0 below.
Rule 0 – If the problem SF model an incomplete SF model, add missing substance and/or field to make the SF model complete.
Rule 1 – Replace substance S2 by new S3, and generate a new field F2.
Rule 2 – Add an extra substance S3, and generate a new field F2 which interacts S2.
Rule 3 – Add an extra substance S3, and generate a new field F2 which interacts S1.
Rule 4 – Add an extra substance S3 between S1 and S2, and the new S3 generates a new field F2.
Rule 5 – Add an extra field F2 between S1 and S2.


Then we done several exercises and I presented one of them using Su-Field Analysis to solve a problem.


Prof. Sheu briefed another classification based on Mann’s Approach and we found that it could be used together with Belski’s approach together.


Finally, Prof. Sheu explained the original Altshuller’s 76 Inventive Standards and introduced a clear explanation website from Korea at http://triz.co.kr/TRIZ/frame.html .


Reference:
MA TRIZ Certification Level 1 Training (Part 1) - http://qualityalchemist.blogspot.hk/2013/04/ma-triz-certification-level-1-training.html
MA TRIZ Certification Level 1 Training (Part 2) - http://qualityalchemist.blogspot.hk/2013/04/ma-triz-certification-level-1-training_27.html

Others:
20150320: HKSTP Seminar – Developing Software and Apps Making People WOW - http://qualityalchemist.blogspot.hk/2015/03/hkstp-seminar-developing-software-and.html
20150320: HKSTP IP Seminar – Win the Patent Game - http://qualityalchemist.blogspot.hk/2015/03/hkstp-ip-seminar-win-patent-game.html
20150207: HKSQ & ISI Workshop of Innovative Total Quality Improvement (iTQI) - http://qualityalchemist.blogspot.hk/2015/02/hksq-isi-workshop-of-innovative-total.html
20111202 - Seminar on Introduction to TRIZ - http://qualityalchemist.blogspot.hk/2011/12/seminar-on-introduction-to-triz.html
20111122 - Seminar on Business Excellence with Innovative Improvements - http://qualityalchemist.blogspot.hk/2011/11/seminar-on-business-excellence-with.html
20110413 - HKU Quality Management Student Forum - http://qualityalchemist.blogspot.hk/2011/04/hku-quality-management-student-forum.html
20090822 - Innovation – From Art to Science - http://qualityalchemist.blogspot.hk/2009/08/innovation-from-art-to-science.html
20090614 - Innovation / Creativity Management (BS 7000-1:2008) - http://qualityalchemist.blogspot.hk/2009/06/innovation-creativity-management-bs.html
Institute of Systematic Innovation, HK - http://www.isi.org.hk/


2015年5月13日星期三

Lab Test One in One Click Launching Ceremony cum Cutting Edge Testing Technologies Seminar

Hong Kong Science and Technology Parks Corporation (HKSTP) and Hong Kong Productivity Council (HKPC) jointly launched Lab Test One in 2013. Then Lab Test One is expanding its partnership with more local Research & Development (R&D) Centres, Universities and Non-Government Organizations (NGOs) in 2015. The expanded scheme named “Lab Test One in One Click” and launching ceremony was held on 13 May 2015. After the ceremony, the seminar named “Cutting Edge Testing Technologies to Cope with Challenges in Our Daily Life” was held. The whole event was summarized below.

In the beginning, Dr. Clement CHEN, SBS, JP (Chairman of HKPC) gave a welcome speech. He said that good testing and certification service to protect our health was very important.


The Honourable Mrs. Fanny LAW FAN, GBS, JP (Chairperson of HKSTP) gave an opening address. She briefed HKSTP’s “3C” strategy – Connect, Collaborate and Catalyse and had 12 laboratories in Science Park which 5 labs focused on IC. Moreover, Science Park recognized as “Hong Kong National High-tech Industrialisation Partner Base for Integrated Circuits” by Ministry of Science and Technology of the People’s Republic of China (“MOST”).


Ms. Janet WONG, JP (Commissioner for Innovation and Technology of the HKSAR Government) gave an opening address. HKPC consolidated governments funding schemes in TecOne and also consolidated hardware service in Lab Test One. Both were significant platform for one stop shop service. She added HKCTC and ITC would arrange ISO TC 176 annual meeting which supported by HKSTP and HKPC in Nov 2015.


Launching Ceremony


Group photo


Mr. Joseph POON (Director, Technology Development, HKPC) was the first speaker and his presentation entitled “Lab Test One in One Click”. This platform contained 35 Labs & Centres including HKPC&HKSTP, R&D Centres, Tertiary Institutes and Government. He said “ONE” meaning “One-Stop-Shop” service and “Hub” of testing and Certification.


Lab Test One in One Click Platform diagram was showed below. It provided Convenient, Fast and Connect services to customer. Moreover, Lab Test One had digital platform in both website and mobile apps. There were four features and they were Testing, Service Providers, Enquiry & Booking, and News.


Ir. Allen YEUNG (Chief Corporate Development Officer, HKSTP) was the second speaker and his topic was “Innovation and Research Hub”. He told us the largest import in China was not petroleum but IC.


Then Mr. Yeung briefed the IC Design Flow from design to failure analysis. Science Park IC related laboratories could support the whole IC design workflow. He mentioned a small company named “RediSem” which established by two founders and worked out a IC using all Science Park laboratory services (e.g. EDA tools, MPW, Testing Engineers, IC Test Program, IC Failure Analysis). Finally, he introduced other service such as battery material quality and biomedical technology support.


The third speaker was Ir. Dennis LEE (Head of Standards and Calibration Laboratory, ITC) and his presentation named “Measurement Underpins Prosperity and Quality of Life”. Mr. Lee said measurement could facilitate innovation that developing new & improved products and processes required measurements. Moreover, measurement could overcome technical barriers to trade through international recognition schemes.


Then Mr. Lee briefed the growing demand for better measurements included transportation, communication, food & drugs, environment, healthcare & medical, military and regulations, etc. The most importation of measurement was to ensure the result were stable, comparable and coherent. SCL’s statutory role was explained and it was come from the basic law – article 139. The following diagram showed SCL certificates were worldwide recognition.


The forth speaker was Dr. Ka-sing LEUNG (Asso. Director of Food Safety and Technology Research Centre, PolyU) and his topic was “Testing, Measurement, and Research of Food Safety and Technology”. Dr. Leung introduced their centre vision to be a first-class centre with leading authority and excellent services.


Then he briefed different research in the six major areas included Testing and Certification, Risk Analysis and Toxicology, Functional Food Development, Novel Technology Development, Nutrition and Public Health, as well as, Education and Professional Development. The food hygiene standard and certification system for catering industry was briefed and it was found to be synergy with HKQAA certification schemes.


Dr. Frank Tong (Director, Research & Technology Development, HK R&D Centre for Logistics and Supply Chain Management Enabling Techologies (LSGM)) was the fifth speaker and his presentation title was “Testing to Success in IoT and eCommerce Business”. Firstly, Dr. Tong said lab test was assistant the commercialization from innovative idea to research to prototypes and finally to end product.


Then Dr. Tong introduced the test services in LSGM include Input impedance and radiation pattern of tag antennas, reader antennas and emission spectrum of readers, etc.


Prof. Chris WONG (Head of Department of Biology, Director of Croucher Institute for Environmental Sciences, Hong Kong Baptist University) was the sixth speaker and his presentation topic entitled “Risk Characterization and Assessment of Pollutant exposure on Human Health”. Prof. Wong mentioned pollution could take many forms such as air, water, land and human-made chemicals. Some unexpected contamination cases were stated such as Melamine and Clouding Agent (phthalate / DEHP).


Prof. Wong said vast majority of human exposure (environmental factors) might initiate disease processes. After consideration of Environmental and Internal Exposure, using chemical analysis identified the chemical if toxicity were good risk assessment step. Toxicity tests for chemicals included testing methods, magnitude, frequency and duration. Finally, Prof. Wong shared his vision “To strengthen our understanding on the health risks posed by chemical contaminants and mark a milestone in Hong Kong by which an integrated strategy combining pollution factors into medical research will be implemented”.


The last speaker was Prof. Ke-Li WU (Director of Radiofrequency Radiation Research Laboratory, CUHK) and his topic named “Measurements of Radiofrequency Radiation”. In the beginning, Prof. Wu introduced his research laboratory which achieved HOKLAS accreditation in 2009. Then he briefed the accreditation scope included “Over the Air Performance Test”, “Passive Antenna Measurement” and “Specific Absorption Rate (SAR)”.


Then Prof. Wu mentioned some projects they tested included Antennas for GPS and BeiDou (北斗) System! Finally, an introduction video of the laboratory was demonstrated and we found that they were able to perform Wireless Communication Test Set and planning to 4G LTE.


During the tea break, I met many T&C professionals and took photos for memory.
(Left: I, Dr. Xueping CHEN (Co-Founder & CTO, Vitargent (International) Biotechnology Limited) and Mr. Dominic Lam (Acting CEO, CMATCL))


(Left: Mr. Raymond Wong (Consumer Testing Services Director, SGS Hong Kong Ltd.), Dr. George HK Lau (Asso. Professor, T&C, OUHK))


(Left: I, Dr. Ka-sing LEUNG and Dr. Eric Sze (Ass. Professor, T&C, OUHK))


(Left: Mr. KW Lee (Executive Director of CASTCO) and I)


(Left: I, Mr. Dennis LEE and Mr. Matthew Tsui (Founder, App2One))
Remark: “Lab Test One” apps was developed by Matthew!


Reference:
Lab Test One - http://labtestone.org/index.php/en/
HKSTP TSC – http://lab.hkstp.org


2015年5月12日星期二

The 2nd Workshop on Advanced Methods in Food Microbiology and Chemistry

Hong Kong is a metropolitan city with relatively small area and large population. Food safety and security is always an important issue in our daily life. The objectives of this workshop are sharing advanced methods for the detection of microbes and chemicals in food which would benefit over management of food safety and security. The workshop was organized by Department of Biology and Chemistry (BCH) in City University of Hong Kong (CityU) and co-organized by Hong Kong Productivity Council (HKPC), as well as, supported by Hong Kong Society for Quality (HKSQ) on 12th May 2015. Dr. Richard Cheung (Asso. Professor, BCH) was workshop leader.

The first speaker was Prof. Hoi Shan KWAN (Professor, School of Life Sciences and Director, Food Research Centre, CUHK) and his presentation topic was “Genome Sequencing for Foodborne Pathogenic Bacteria Analysis”. Prof. Kwan would like to share the high through-put genome sequencing and review a historical case on German E. coil outbreak in 2011.


Prof. Kwan introduced his lab which was supported from RFCID of FHD to construct a Foodborne Pathogen Genome Sequence Database and they could isolate of Salmonella Typhimurium and Vibrio parahaemolyticus in Hong Kong. Then he briefed the cost of sequencing per genome was significantly drop. After that he stated different high through-put genome sequencing technology such as Nanopore Sequencing.


The second part mentioned German E. coil outbreak in May 2011. He said conventional typing methods yield only limited information and he quoted Nick Loman that Crowdsourcing genomic analysis could provide accuracy information and much faster. Therefore, Prof. Kwan said genome sequencing is used in a real outbreak investigation. The diagram demonstrated the analytical workflow in an outbreak between conventional and genome sequence. Finally, he concluded that Genome sequence analyses were Efficient, Effective, Fast and High Coverage.


Q&A


Dr. Eric D.L. RUAN (State Key Laboratory of Environmental and Biological Analysis) was the second speaker and his topic named “Development of novel and simple sampling methods based on mass spectrometry for food analysis”. He mentioned traditional sample preparation involved 65% effort before analysis and then he shared his case studies using different simplified sampling methods.
 

The first case study was “Dietary vitamin E effects on the formation of heterocyclic amines in lean beef. In this study, Dr. Ruan used stir bar sorptive extraction (SBSE) for sample preparation.


Then Dr. Ruan also shared “Analysis of volatile and flavor compounds in grilled lean beef by SBSE-TD-GC-MS”, “Determination of off-flavor compounds of 2-methylisoborneol (MIB) and geosmin (GSM) in water and fish fillets”, and “Oxidation testing for pork and fish (salmon)”. Dr. Ruan’s studies were related to Quality Control concept for method development included Recovery Study, Stability and Reproducibility, as well as, Validation of Optimized Method.


Finally, Dr. Ruan concluded that SBSE-GC-MS was a simple, sensitive and solvent-less method which was able to be used as enrichment and matrix for food and environment samples.

After the workshop, we had lunch with all speakers, co-organizer and supporting organization.
(Left: Dr. Vincent Ko (Asso. Professor, BCH, CityU), I, Dr. Eric Ruan, Dr. Richard Cheung, Prof. Hoi Shan Kwan and Mr. Tsang Kam Lam (GM, Environmental Management, HKPC)


Reference:
20091113: Workshop on Advanced Methods in Food Microbiology and Chemistry - http://qualityalchemist.blogspot.hk/2009/11/workshop-on-advanced-methods-in-food.html


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